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  1. The Right Perspective in Business EducationMon, 30 Mar 2015 11:54:37 PDT
    The development of economic theories derived by mathematical exposition has been explosive in the past, but the interpretation of economic theories has remained extremely primitive for long time say for more than fifty years because, the assumption, which underlies the use of mathematics, has not been formerly scrutinized. Consequently, teachers of economic theories have misled their students in interpreting economic theories and business models. My concern in this paper is to put business education in the right perspective. Thus, one of the purposes of this paper is to reintroduce a model[1], which I have developed previously, by which the validity of the interpretation of an economic theory, such as the marginal rate of substation in an indifference curve, can be tested. The major purpose of the paper is to apply the above model in interpreting the concept of economics, such as marginal rate of substitution, so that interpretation of an economic theory, thus teaching in business and economics can be put in right perspective. [1] See Paul Kim, A Fundamental of Scientific Inquiry in Economics, http://scholarspace.jccc.edu/econpapers/6. More...
  2. Browse the Web, Enter a Contract... Arbitrate? The Enforceability of Mandatory Binding Arbitration Provisions in Consumer Browsewrap ContractsWed, 11 Mar 2015 06:56:05 PDT
    Businesses commonly post Terms and Conditions on their website, even though they are not required to do so. When enforceable, these terms can be an effective risk management tool. Generally, website terms and conditions state that users of the website are bound by such terms just by their use of the website, without further action. However, this requires that the users be on notice that they are agreeing to the terms. Requiring some form of affirmative action to acknowledge notice of the terms is the best way to assure that an online contract will be enforceable. The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in August 2014 ruled in Nguyen v. Barnes & Noble, Inc., that an arbitration provision contained in the Terms of Use of the Barnes & Noble website was not enforceable because the online consumer was not provided sufficient notice of those terms and therefore could not have assented.[1] The enforceability of mandatory binding arbitration provisions in browsewrap contracts is an emerging topic in contract law. The Nguyen v. Barnes & Noble decision should serve as a reminder to businesses that, to be enforceable, an arbitration provision in an online contract still requires a meeting of the minds. [1] Nguyen v. Barnes & Noble, Inc., 763 F.3d 1171, 1180 (9th Cir. 2014). More...
  3. The Effects of Peer AbuseWed, 11 Mar 2015 06:56:04 PDT
    This study seeks to understand the short and long-term effects of peer abuse. The terms peer abuse and bullying will be used interchangeably hereafter. Information from recent studies of peer abuse will be used to answer the following questions: What are the consequences of bullying on the affected population? How do variables such as the role one plays, type of bullying, and gender affect the outcomes of participants? How can we prevent bullying and what protective factors are valuable in preventing lasting negative effects? A survey was also conducted of 358 random participants. The results will be used to support the conclusions of this study. More...
  4. Multitudes Gather: An Overview and Analysis of the Evolution of Research Concerning Crowd BehaviorWed, 11 Mar 2015 06:56:03 PDT
    Crowds oftentimes behave in ways that are considered abnormal. This study sought to understand why crowds behave so differently from individuals acting alone. This was accomplished by tracing the evolution of research regarding crowd behavior from its beginnings within the nations of France and Italy in the late 19th century all the way to contemporary time. Crowds were defined as psychological occurrences and categorized according to the research of Roger Brown and Neil Smelser. In order to explain theory regarding crowd behavior, this study focused on the research conducted by Le Bon, Festigener, Pepitone, Newcomb, Zimbardo, Diener, Prentice-Dunn, and Rogers. The research of all of these individuals together evolved from its focus on the existence of a collective mind within crowds into the classic de-individuation theory and later into the contemporary de-individuation theory. Crowd behavior is seen as being caused by a complex web of variables driven by the environment and situation of the time. Research regarding crowd behavior is continually evolving. More...
  5. Family Loyalty in Literature: The Inner Conflicts We Encounter in Dealing with Family RelationshipsWed, 11 Mar 2015 06:56:02 PDT
    Coming from a Latino culture, my life revolves around the importance of having family relationships that are loving and supportive. But my cultures ideals clash with the American ideals of family, and it sometimes becomes difficult for me to appease my family while at the same time trying to do what makes me happy. And not only do I grapple with cultural differences, but I also fight with differences between the generational concepts of my parents time compared to the ones of my time. We encounter such conflicts in thousands of literary works, which give us another venue to examine and analyze situations with a little distance. In choosing to analyze the theme of family loyalty, I came across short stories of three powerful authors: Amy Tan, Flannery OConnor, and James Baldwin. These three authors composed unique settings with generational differences between their storys main characters to show the inner conflicts one deals with in the name of family. More...
  6. A Fundamental of Scientific Inquiry in EconomicsThu, 15 Jan 2015 14:02:07 PST
    Mathematics has made significant contributions to the development of economics theories in the past. An emphasis on the use of mathematics has been extensive in economics. However, the assumption, which underlies the use of mathematics, has not been formerly scrutinized. Consequently, errors in the development of economic theories have been unnoticed and misleading theories have been established in economic science. The objective of this article is to develop a model, which can test whether or not an application of mathematics into an economic theory is valid, thus putting mathematics in a proper perspective in economic science. More...
  7. An Economic Theory in Action in AsiaWed, 22 Oct 2014 10:47:20 PDT
    Our studies of economic development in our series at Paul Kims Asian Study Center at JCCC focus on having practical application or to be useful to our life not intending to build scientific or mathematical theories, which are often far detached from real life. This means that our studies seek for an inspiration or a new insight and target our thought to capture the right things to do at a right moment in history, not just theoretical or mathematical work. We predict the future of economic growth and show the crucial elements of economic growth at a particular moment in history. In this paper (series #3), we will discuss how an Asian nation particularly China, a rapidly developing nation, responded to our publication or how our prediction was accurate about their course or path of economic growth. Then in the other series (#2), we also begin to explore what must be done in near future as some of the Asian nations approach to the advanced stage of economic development in order for them to sustain their economic growth. We will do these by reviewing and learning what went wrong in Japans economic growth as well as issues that hindered economic growth in the U.S., which would be useful to newly arrived advanced nations in Asia. More...
  8. New Literature from ChinaFri, 08 Aug 2014 12:10:27 PDT
    Reviews of The Fat Years by Chan Koonchung, and Winter Sun Poems by Shi Zhi, originally published in US China Today, a publication of the University of Southern California. More...
  9. Synchronicity, Duality and Immortality in Daoist ThoughtThu, 07 Aug 2014 12:21:03 PDT
    The history of Daoist expression can at times seem segmented and contradictory, making it challenging to achieve a truly holistic understanding of the discourse. However, in all the variety of interpretation regarding the Dao there exists an unchanged and carefully constructed cosmology. In the article, this cosmology is presented as a discourse on the nature of duality. Because the nature of the Dao is absolute unity, a chaotic and changing existence such as we have must necessarily be created by the movements between opposing forces. It is the interplay of all duality that creates a material world of day and night, life and death. The dual forces that gave rise to the cosmos are in essence the same as those that gave rise to the mind. It is within the synchronicity of all movements that the Dao can be found, the primordial pattern of return which governs all things. To understand Daoist expression is to understand that duality does not signify separation or competition. Dual forces are instead perfect compliments of each other, each necessary to provide the other with meaning. It is the complimentary nature of duality that creates the absolute unity of the Dao. The interplay of dualities and the unifying pattern to which they belong find their apex of expression in the notion of immortality. To identify how these metaphysical themes are interpreted differently, the article examines conceptions of immortality as either achievable figurative understanding or true physical eternal life. More...
  10. Other: Beauvoirs Existential FeminismThu, 07 Aug 2014 12:21:02 PDT
    Simone De Beauvoir considered The Second Sex to be more of a reflection, rather than a war-cry or how-to book for women to follow. The existentialism it contained is there simply because Beauvoir herself identified with the approach of experience being the common core of self-discovery. In truth, existentialism is quite possibly the only school of philosophical thought that adequately allows for an in-depth examination of what being a woman means. The language of existentialism is, in fact, the only approach that proves useful in approaching a discussion of feminism. While Beauvoirs influences and interests tended toward an existential view, it is doubtful that she forced or bent the struggle for equality for women into that particular mold. Instead, she rightfully sees the connection between the feminine experience and the necessity of taking responsibility. Beauvoirs sole point is not that woman should ask to be equal; instead, she advocates a woman approaching her life as if she simply is something Beauvoir evinced for herself, proving the possibility. In The Second Sex, noted philosopher and feminist Simone De Beauvoir used the Hegelian term other to cut to the heart of the feminine psyche, and Beauvoirs existentialist purview has been adopted by modern feminists in part because the language of existentialism perfectly conveys the female struggle for equality. More...